Talking Balk: All Walk-Off Balks in MLB History

By Adam Gilfix

"Dodgers shortstop Jimmy Rollins and Umpire Marvin Hudson both point to Texas reliever Keone Kela after a balk in the ninth inning, which brought in the winning run.  The Dodgers beat the Rangers, 1-0. (Stephen Dunn / Getty Images)" - Dylan Hernandez  (
“Dodgers shortstop Jimmy Rollins and Umpire Marvin Hudson both point to Texas reliever Keone Kela after a balk in the ninth inning, which brought in the winning run. The Dodgers beat the Rangers, 1-0. (Stephen Dunn / Getty Images)” – Dylan Hernandez (from the LA Times, June 19, 2015)

This article details the phenomenon of the walk-off balk, updated most recently in July 2016 after the Padres walk-off balk.

The original version of this post was about how on June 18, 2015, the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Texas Rangers 1-0 by scoring the game’s only run in the bottom of the 9th inning off rookie reliever Keone Kela.  Such a victory, where the home team scores the game-winning run in the 9th inning or later, is a walk-off.  Most walk-offs occur on hits, but some with sacrifice flies, errors, or even walks.  Walk-off home runs are the cause of huge celebration on the field and can earn the players who hit them a rank of clutch or the title of hero.  However, the Dodgers scored their lone run without their final batter even leaving the batter’s box.  How is that possible?  A little nuisance called a balk, which Kela committed with his ever-so-slight flinch with pinch-runner Enrique Hernandez faking a break toward home from third base.  This Dodgers walk-off balk (balk-off) made lots of baseball fanatics think about this event that has happened so very infrequently in the history of Major League Baseball.

This was the 2nd balk-off for the Dodgers in the past 5 years, and their 3rd as a team, giving them a 1-game advantage over the Philadelphia Phillies, Atlanta Braves, and Pittsburgh Pirates for most balk-offs of any team (since 1914, at least). Another interesting note: the Dodgers 1-0 win was the first balk-off shutout (and the 20th balk-off in MLB history at that time) of the 21 walk-off balks in MLB history. Many people started to wonder about other times this kind of rare game-ending mistake has happened before.  So, for those who were wondering or searching, I have compiled the following for all to enjoy, a list of box scores of the 21 balk-offs in MLB history that have been documented as far back as 1914 (the first 3 and last 6 I found on my own with Baseball-Reference Play Index and some help from fellow fans, and I discovered the middle 12 from a similar blog post):

1939 Philadelphia Phillies beat Dodgers 5-4 on Red Evans balk, scoring May
1942 Philadelphia Phillies beat Braves 6-5 on Johnny Sain1 balk, scoring Murtaugh
1943 New York Yankees beat Red Sox 4-3 on Andy Karl balk, scoring Keller
1965 Cincinnati Reds beat Cubs 3-2 on Ernie Broglio balk, scoring Harper
1965 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Astros 7-6 on Hal Woodeshick balk, scoring Virdon
1973 Houston Astros beat Expos 4-3 on Tom Walker2 balk, scoring Cedeno
1978 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Phillies 2-1 on Warren Brusstar3 balk, scoring Parker
1986 Boston Red Sox beat Angels 8-7 on Todd Fischer4 balk, scoring Evans
1989 Los Angeles Dodgers beat Mets 4-3 on Roger McDowell balk, scoring Anderson
1993 Atlanta Braves beat Marlins 4-3 on Matt Turner balk, scoring Sanders
2000 Baltimore Orioles beat Rangers 4-3 on Jeff Zimmerman balk, scoring Lewis (PR)
2000 Florida Marlins beat Braves 3-2 on John Rocker5 balk, scoring Bautista (PR)
2004 Seattle Mariners beat Ahtletics 2-1 on Justin Duchscherer balk, scoring McCracken
2005 Milwaukee Brewers beat Nationals 4-3 on Mike Stanton6 balk, scoring Magruder (PH)
2008 Atlanta Braves beat Rockies 5-4 on Taylor Buccholz balk, scoring Johnson (PH)
2010 Los Angeles Dodgers beat D-Backs 5-4 on Esmerling Vasquez balk, scoring Blake
2011 Atlanta Braves beat Mets 9-8 on D.J. Carrasco balk, scoring Hernandez
2011 Chicago White Sox beat Royals 5-4 on Aaron Crow balk, scoring Pierzynski (PH)
2014 Cleveland Indians beat Tigers 11-10 on Al Alburquerque7, scoring Cabrera
2015 Los Angeles Dodgers beat  Rangers 1-0 on Keone Kela balk, scoring Hernandez (PR)
2016 San Diego Padres beat Giants 7-6 on Santiago Casilla balk, scoring Norris

As you can see in my list above, the Dodgers’ Enrique Hernandez became only the 3rd pinch-runner to score a game-winning run on a balk by the opposing team.  Also, this was the second time the Texas Rangers have balked in the winning run in the past 15 years…pull yourself together Rangers relievers!  The first 7 balk-offs on the list – and 9 of the 21 overall – occurred with the bases loaded.  What’s more, of all these walk-off balks, the winning runner was the lone baserunner (man on third) just twice…the last 2 times for the Dodgers.  Another cool observation: nearly half (10/21) of the balk-offs in MLB history (past 100 years) have been in extra innings, including the Padres’ walk-off balk this year after coming back when down 5-6 in the last frame of the 10th inning.

Perhaps the strangest part about those bizarre endings is that a few of the pitchers who balked in a game-winning run officially faced zero batters in the game.  Johnny Sain, Warren Brusstar, Todd Fischer, and Mike Stanton were all at fault for allowing their respective opponent’s winning run to score, but none of these pitchers had an official at-bat or plate appearance recorded against them.  Each of them entered the game with the eventual winning runner on third base and proceeded to balk before recording an out or allowing the batter to reach base.  In fact, the Nationals Mike Stanton did not even throw a single pitch to Lyle Overbay.  Instead he balked on a pick-off move in an attempt to catch Magruder at third.

All 21 balk-offs in MLB history have occurred in the regular season, with 11 of the 21 occurring in April and May – early in the season maybe leads to pitchers not feeling quite as comfortable and balking more.  Of the 143 playoff walk-off wins in the MLB from 1903 to 2015, none were balk-offs.  In fact, only 3 of those 143 games featured 1 balk by the losing team.

These 21 balk-offs are certainly some of the strangest endings (and unfortunate for the losing team) to a game…here are some others for those who are interested:

1Sain wasn’t the losing pitchers, as he inherited the bases loaded from Manny Salvo.
2Walker didn’t get the loss, as he inherited Cedeno on 2nd base from Mike Marshall, the eventual losing pitcher for the ‘Stros.
3Brusstar was also not given the loss, as he inherited Parker on third from Steve Carlton.
4Mike Cook picked up the loss after he blew a 7-4 lead by giving up 3 runs in the bottom of the 12th before being pulled, leaving Evans on 3rd for Fischer.
5Rocker didn’t get the loss, but rather Rudy Seanez who let the eventual winning run walk to first.
6Stanton balked in Magruder, but it was Luis Ayala who was the eventual losing pitcher since he put the runner on third base.
7Alburquerque was not the losing pitcher because Phil Coke put the eventual winning runner Cabrera on base by hitting him with a pitch.

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